A disturbing undeniable fact that has emerged from the Residing Planet Report (LPR) 2022 is that, within the final 50 years, people have brought about a median 65% discount within the inhabitants of sure monitored species around the globe. The report states that the causes are all human-centric: (i) In depth Sea and Land Use Adjustments (ii) Over-Exploitation (iii) Air pollution (iv) Local weather Change, and (v) Invasive Alien Species.
This may solely grow to be worse going ahead as a result of the human inhabitants is growing at a quick tempo, our per capita wants or greed is growing, and there may be solely One Residing Planet. As Mahatma Gandhi mentioned, “Mom Earth has sufficient for everybody’s wants, however not for anybody’s greed”. All dwelling organisms have wants however solely people run after our greed. By means of this, we’re compromising the well-being of different ecosystems, habitats and lifeforms that inhabit them.
All three spheres of life — air, water, and land —are underneath stress from international warming and local weather change, over-exploitation, air pollution, encroachment, reclamation and conversion to different makes use of, invasive alien species and so forth. We’ve got reached a stage the place we can’t proceed Enterprise As Ordinary (BAU). There must be a change.
Previously, we had the Millennium Growth Objectives. Now we’ve the Sustainable Growth Objectives — 17 of them — to be achieved by 2023. However no nation or authorities can obtain the SDGs with out the lively participation of its residents. For that, we have to perceive whether or not our life-style is sustainable or unsustainable. That is the place the idea of “Ecological Footprint” is available in. This tells you clearly whether or not your life-style is sustainable based mostly on (1) Carbon Footprint together with house vitality use and transportation (2) Meals Footprint (3) Housing Footprint, and (4) Items and Providers Footprint. After you assess and perceive the unsustainability ranges of your life-style, you need to transfer into accountable motion. Why? As a result of, as Lester Brown, founding father of the Worldwatch Institute and Earth Coverage Institute, mentioned “This Planet Earth doesn’t belong to us; it has not been handed on from our former technology, however we’ve borrowed it from our youngsters”.
Listed here are a couple of easy and sensible steps you may undertake to cut back your ecological footprint.
Water: Use water correctly and scale back waste. Shut the faucet whereas brushing your tooth. Take brief showers. Undertake Rooftop Rainwater Harvesting at house.
Meals: Produce your individual meals by growing a kitchen backyard. Eat contemporary and regionally accessible meals. Don’t waste meals.
Power: Set up photo voltaic rooftop panels to provide vitality for house home equipment. Change to electrical autos. Guarantee most use of daylight and wind and use LED lightings at house.
Family waste: Begin segregating waste at house. Use natural waste for composting. Be sure that inorganic waste is responsibly dispose. Don’t burn unsegregated waste.
Transport: Use public transport so far as potential. Stroll or cycle for brief distances. Undertake automobile pooling.
Plastic: Scale back, reuse, recycle and upcycle plastics. Keep away from single-use plastics. Undertake the Convey Your Personal Bottle (BYOB) follow. Store responsibly. Keep away from on-line purchases for regionally accessible supplies to cut back plastic packaging. Purchase solely what you want and carry your individual bag.
Aside from these, don’t hoard pointless issues. Give them away to these in want. Keep away from the use-and-throw tradition. As an alternative go for the repair-mend-use follow. If not you, who? If not now, when? The time for motion is now.
A month-to-month column from WWF-India
The author is the State Director-Kerala, WorldWide Fund for Nature-India (WWF-India)
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