Maharashtra’s ephemerals: vegetation that look forward to monsoon to bloom

Corynandra elegans species is seen within the Konkan area of Maharashtra. This monsoon flora was clicked close to Rajapur.
| Photograph Credit score: Particular Association

Blooming is commonly related to the spring season. But, only some know that in components of Maharashtra, sure plant species wait all year long to bloom solely through the monsoon as a result of they love rain.

Such vegetation are termed ephemerals. They’re of two sorts — annual and perennial, clarify researchers from the Worldwide Union for Conservation of Nature – Species Survival Fee (IUCN SSC). Aditya Gadkari, member and researcher at IUCN SSC, Western Ghats Plant Specialist Group (WGPSG), says, “Annual ephemerals kind new people yearly and are seen for a really quick interval. They kind seeds on the finish of their life cycle, remaining dormant until the subsequent 12 months. Perennials have a supply like a tuber or a bulb within the soil, so it’s the identical particular person, however the different components (stem, flowers) are newly shaped.”

Curcuma karnatakensis, clicked near Yellapur, is found in the forest regions of West Ghats. The word ensis suggests belonging to Karnataka.

Curcuma karnatakensis, clicked close to Yellapur, is discovered within the forest areas of West Ghats. The phrase ensis suggests belonging to Karnataka.
| Photograph Credit score:
Particular Association

The IUCN SSC WGPSG doesn’t work solely on monsoon flora; its major work entails making risk assessments of all species distributed within the Western Ghats.

Blooming interval

Monsoon ephemerals bloom in the direction of the tip of Could and all through June, July, August, and September. “Another monsoon ephemerals will simply kind leaves and little department constructions after a number of showers. These leaves keep for a month or extra after which flowering begins, which works on until July and August. The leaves keep until the tip of monsoon after which disappear. In some vegetation, like Nervilia and wild yam, flowers seem first after which the leaves,” says Mr. Gadkari.

Ceropegia sahyadrica var. karulensis, clicked in Gaganbawda. This monsoon flora is found in the Karul Ghats of Maharashtra. The name karulensis means belonging to Karul, a village after which the Ghat is named.

Ceropegia sahyadrica var. karulensis, clicked in Gaganbawda. This monsoon flora is discovered within the Karul Ghats of Maharashtra. The title karulensis means belonging to Karul, a village after which the Ghat is called.
| Photograph Credit score:
Particular Association

The onset of monsoon brings flowers akin to floor orchids (Nervilia and Eulophia), lilies (crinum lily, pancratium lily, grass lily, star lily), wild yam (suran), and Indian squill. The late monsoon brings flowers akin to floor orchids (Habenaria and Peristylus), a number of varieties of balsams, hill meadow rue, Dipcadi species, spider-flowers (Corynandra), pond-weeds (Aponogeton), lantern flowers (Ceropegia), bladderworts (Utricularia), pipeworts (Eriocaulon), and species of grasses.

Ceropegia mohanramii is found on a single low elevation coastal plateau near Malvan, Maharashtra. 

Ceropegia mohanramii is discovered on a single low elevation coastal plateau close to Malvan, Maharashtra. 
| Photograph Credit score:
Particular Association

Preserving ecosystem

The first job of those flowers is to behave as an necessary supply of nectar and pollen for native pollinators. Their presence in all micro habitats on a plateau ensures the suitable presence of soil and, most significantly, water. Fairly a number of of them are threatened because of land use change, and enlargement of roadways and infrastructure.

Flora walks

Environmental and academic organisations have been finishing up flora walks over the previous couple of years. Anurag Karekar, challenge director of Naturalist Basis and founding father of Naturalist Explorers, says walks are organised to see the mass flowering of the crinum lily on the hilly slopes and plateaus of Bhatpada hills in Virar, higher Kanheri, and Gaimukh treks of the Sanjay Gandhi Nationwide Park. Trekkers additionally spot distinctive flowers like kali musli and squill within the Yeoor Hills of Thane.

Dipcadi concanense is found only on the plateaus of Konkan region. It was clicked near Ratnagiri.

Dipcadi concanense is discovered solely on the plateaus of Konkan area. It was clicked close to Ratnagiri.
| Photograph Credit score:
Particular Association

Two years in the past, Priyal Soni noticed Instagram posts on monsoon flora and since then has been a part of such trails. “After I learnt that the Naturalist Basis was taking individuals to see the crinum lily within the dense forest of Bombay Pure Historical past Society’s Conservation Schooling Centre, I joined it. We had been amazed to see the trumpet-shaped petals shimmering with raindrops. It felt like studying about a fantastic secret of the forest.”

Prathamesh Desai has been observing birds for 13 years. Although flowers have sparked his curiosity, he discovered the technicality of flora overwhelming. “Considered one of my flora fanatic buddies ignited my curiosity on this planet of flowers. I’m now within the habitat and area of interest preferences of specific species. Discovering a specific species is sort of a treasure hunt, which I discover thrilling,” he says.


Eulophia spectabilis is seen in India, South East Asia and even Australia. This bloom was clicked in Lonavala.

Eulophia spectabilis is seen in India, South East Asia and even Australia. This bloom was clicked in Lonavala.
| Photograph Credit score:
Particular Association

Impatiens dalzellii is the only yellow coloured Balsam in Western Ghats, otherwise yellow Balsams in India are found in Himalayas. This monsoon bloom was clicked at Mahabaleshwar.

Impatiens dalzellii is the one yellow colored Balsam in Western Ghats, in any other case yellow Balsams in India are present in Himalayas. This monsoon bloom was clicked at Mahabaleshwar.
| Photograph Credit score:
Particular Association

Photographed near Ratnagiri, Utricularias are seen on both low and high elevation plateaus of Western Ghats all the way from Maharashtra to Kerala.

Photographed close to Ratnagiri, Utricularias are seen on each high and low elevation plateaus of Western Ghats all the best way from Maharashtra to Kerala.
| Photograph Credit score:
Particular Association

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